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What is IP ?

What is IP ? 

IP is a word that almost all Internet users are familiar with. The number of those who know the opening or features of this technology which is a kind of identity
process; it is extremely unlike what it should be. Internet Protocol, or IP, which is the abbreviation of the Internet Protocol name literal; plays a decisive role in all
transactions carried out over the internet, just like a signature. Another analogy for the IP number or IP address is the fingerprint. How fingerprints are different
for everyone; the IP address of each device must also be different and not overlap. It is also only possible for a digital device to communicate with another digital
device over the Internet. In this case, IP not only keeps track of all your internet communications step by step, but also plays a leading role in the realization of this
communication. IP technology, which is the number one player of Internet interaction, should be taken a closer look.

What is IP Inquiry ?

It is possible for users to easily query the IP number of their device. Computers also recognize and communicate with each other by IP number. Likewise, each time
the Internet is accessed, the IP number can be counted as the most important data for the user. So where does the importance of this questioning come from?
The only way to find out from which location is connected to the Internet or to which internet provider and network is connected is to query IP. This answer is very
valid in a medium where billions of users, like the internet, are active at any time, every hour. IP query can be queried inside the device; When you type sorgulama IP
query arama in the search engine, you get the IP number of your own device. The IP address is composed of 4 8-bit numbers. Therefore, it is possible to say that
these are 32-bit numbers. It is also worth noting that the numbers separated by dots consist of a maximum of 3 digits. It is also possible to observe that the numbers
are not greater than 254. This whole numbering system is called the octet or octet. These numbers are written in decimal order to make it easier to read.

What parts does the IP Address consist of ?

One thing to know about the IP Address is that this number consists of two basic parts. The first part, also called the network ID, gives information about which
network the device is connected to. For the second part, you can see the concept of ID host ID kullanıl. This is the main reason why the IP address can tell you where
the device is. Host ID is the last 3 digits; the entire number can be considered as a network ID. In order to understand which subnet the device on the network has,
the technology called subnet mask or subnet mask is needed.


 
 
What is Static IP Number and Dynamic IP Number? What are the differences ?
As the name suggests, static or dynamic numbers have these attributes according to their persistence. While static IP numbers never change and remain constant,
it is not possible to say this for dynamic numbers. The dynamic IP address reshapes every time you connect to the Internet. It is also possible to say that this
temporary address is automatically defined by the user interface. If the user assigns permanent static addresses, the interface can be specified as a service provider.

What are IP Versions? What are the differences ?
IPv4 and IPv6 are the most widely used protocols today. These two different versions reveal the developments needed in the internet world. It is possible to see
these protocols and their properties in the following subtitles:

Ipv4: consists of 32 bits. It also includes a patch called NAT protocol. This allows multiple computers to be shared on the Internet. There are no end-to-end addressing
and packet integrity features. It loses its validity day by day and leaves its place to Ipv6.
Ipv6: Consists of 128 bits. This means an extremely long IP number. It can be considered as a higher version compared to Ipv4 and aims to meet the shortcomings in
this protocol. The encryption system can be considered more reliable. Thanks to this system, a protocol system sufficient for the world's population can only be
mentioned.

What is DNS ?

It is clear that the algorithm for IP numbering is insufficient to predict the number of users on the Internet today. The world of the Internet is growing beyond
expectations, and billions of devices connect to the Internet in an instant. In the current system, there is a case that almost the internet is not enough for everyone.
On the other hand, since IP is a completely systematically assigned number, it creates a very complex perception and does not allow memorization. At this point,
DNS can catch up. DNS is obtained by enumerating meaningful phrases and is easier to query. The abbreviation has 3 different explanations in the original language.
These can all be considered true and listed as: Domain Name System, Distributed Name Service, and Domain Name Server. This concept is generally known because
buying a domain name is essential for web pages that step into the world of the Internet.

What is ISP ?

Another related topic is ISP, originally called Internet Service Provider. The Turkish equivalent of this provision is known as the Internet Service Provider. All internet
packages that provide paid services to the market and are connected to homes are examples. Government institutions such as universities have service providers
that can be considered public. With these providers, each device clings to the internet backbone and the IP system becomes meaningful. Otherwise, the ability of
each small business or individual to connect to the Internet will require special software and special devices; this is not possible both in terms of costs and technology.

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